A drop at the top in office sales … buyers have been attracted to all types of commercial real estate, with office buildings accounting …. Low-fare air battles bypass Twin Cities … premium by keeping smaller carriers out of the market. In , Northwest flights accounted for Melendez: 'Betrayal' rhetoric is misdirected at Ritchie … a transportation bill.
But we're still waiting for Pawlenty to take responsibility, or to hold anyone accountable …. Detective in bicyclist case reassigned …, was critical comments Adams made in the Star Tribune on Nov. Mortgage firm is focus of county fraud probe …, deposited money into a bank account he directed her to open, covered her closing costs and directed to whom…. Court-appointed receiver will dispose of Parish Development … of assets and financial accounts and access to company records.
Gilbert Avery Wilson …, honorably discharged on November 11, Following a career as a statistical accountant for ADM, he…. She was a longtime employee of the Ford Motor Company as an accountant. Leto learns of the danger involved in harvesting the spice, which is protected by giant sandworms , and negotiates with the planet's native Fremen people, seeing them as a valuable ally rather than foes.
Harkonnen forces, joined by the Emperor's ferocious Sardaukar troops in disguise, attack the Atreides. Yueh, however, arranges for Jessica and Paul to escape into the desert, and they are presumed dead by the Harkonnens. Yueh replaces one of Leto's teeth with a poison capsule, hoping Leto can kill the Baron during their encounter, but Harkonnen avoids the gas, which instead kills Leto and De Vries. The Baron forces Hawat to take over De Vries' position; while he follows the Baron's orders, Hawat works out how to undermine the Harkonnens.
After fleeing into the desert, Paul realizes he has significant powers as an accidental result of the Bene Gesserit breeding scheme, inadvertently caused by Jessica bearing a son. He foresees futures in which he lives among the planet's native Fremen , and has a vision where he is informed of the addictive qualities of the spice.
Paul and Jessica are accepted into the Fremen community of Sietch Tabr , and teach the Fremen the Bene Gesserit fighting technique known as the " weirding way ". Paul proves his manhood and chooses his Fremen name of Muad'Dib. Jessica opts to undergo the ritual to become a Reverend Mother by drinking the poisonous Water of Life.
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Pregnant with Leto's daughter, she inadvertently causes the unborn child, Alia , to become infused with the same powers in the womb. Two years pass, and Paul's powerful prescience abilities have manifested, which lead the Fremen to consider him their Mahdi messiah.
Paul recognizes that the Fremen can be a powerful fighting force to take back Arrakis, but also sees that if he does not control them, their jihad could extend to the entire universe. Word about this new Fremen leader Muad'Dib reaches both Baron Harkonnen and the Emperor as spice production falls due to increasingly destructive Fremen raids. The Baron decides to replace his more brutish nephew Glossu Rabban with his shrewd nephew Feyd-Rautha , hoping to gain favor with the Fremen.
The Emperor suspects the Baron of trying to create troops more powerful than the Sardaukar to seize power, and sends spies to monitor activity on Arrakis. Hawat uses the opportunity to sow seeds of doubt in the Baron about the Emperor's true plans, putting further strain on their alliance. Gurney Halleck has reunited with Paul and Jessica. Believing Jessica to be the Atreides traitor, Gurney threatens to kill her, but is stopped by Paul. However, Paul had not foreseen Gurney's attack, and believes he must increase his prescience by drinking the Water of Life, which has always been fatal to men.
Paul falls into unconsciousness for several weeks after drinking the Water, but when he wakes, he has clairvoyance across time and space—he has become the Kwisatz Haderach , the goal of the Bene Gesserit breeding program. Paul senses that the Emperor and Baron are amassing fleets around Arrakis to quell the Fremen rebellion, and prepares the Fremen for a major offensive against the Harkonnen troops.
The Emperor arrives with the Baron on Arrakis, and their combined troops seize a Fremen outpost, killing many including Leto II, while Alia is captured and taken to the Baron. She remains defiant, putting her trust in her brother and revealing that Muad'Dib is Paul. At that moment, Paul and the Fremen, riding giant sandworms , assault the capital, and Alia assassinates the Baron and escapes. Paul and the Fremen quickly defeat the Harkonnen and Sardaukar troops. Paul faces the Emperor and threatens to destroy spice production forever unless the Emperor abdicates the throne.
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Feyd-Rautha attempts to stop Paul by challenging him to a knife battle, but Paul gains the upper hand and kills him. The Emperor reluctantly cedes the throne to Paul and promises his daughter, Princess Irulan 's, hand in marriage. As Paul takes control of the Empire, he realizes that while he achieved his goal, he is no longer able to stop the Fremen jihad, as their belief in him is too powerful to restrain.
The Dune series is a landmark of soft science fiction. Herbert deliberately suppressed technology in his Dune universe so he could address the politics of humanity, rather than the future of humanity's technology. Dune considers the way humans and their institutions might change over time.
A lot of people refer to Dune as science fiction.
I never do. I consider it an epic adventure in the classic storytelling tradition, a story of myth and legend not unlike the Morte d'Arthur or any messiah story. It just happens to be set in the future The story is actually more relevant today than when Herbert wrote it. In the s, there were just these two colossal superpowers duking it out. Today we're living in a more feudal, corporatized world more akin to Herbert's universe of separate families, power centers and business interests, all interrelated and kept together by the one commodity necessary to all.
Novelist Brian Herbert , Frank Herbert's son and biographer, wrote:. Dune is a modern-day conglomeration of familiar myths, a tale in which great sandworms guard a precious treasure of melange, the geriatric spice that represents, among other things, the finite resource of oil. The planet Arrakis features immense, ferocious worms that are like dragons of lore, with "great teeth" and a "bellows breath of cinnamon. Dune tops are like the crests of waves, and there are powerful sandstorms out there, creating extreme danger.
On Arrakis, life is said to emanate from the Maker Shai-hulud in the desert-sea; similarly all life on Earth is believed to have evolved from our oceans. Frank Herbert drew parallels, used spectacular metaphors, and extrapolated present conditions into world systems that seem entirely alien at first blush. Each chapter of Dune begins with an epigraph excerpted from the fictional writings of the character Princess Irulan.
In forms such as diary entries, historical commentary, biography, quotations and philosophy, these writings set tone and provide exposition, context and other details intended to enhance understanding of Herbert's complex fictional universe and themes. At the end of the book, he intentionally left loose ends and said he did this to send the readers spinning out of the story with bits and pieces of it still clinging to them, so that they would want to go back and read it again.
Dune has been called the "first planetary ecology novel on a grand scale". Dune responded in with its complex descriptions of Arrakis life, from giant sandworms for whom water is deadly to smaller, mouse-like life forms adapted to live with limited water. Dune was followed in its creation of complex and unique ecologies by other science fiction books such as A Door into Ocean and Red Mars Lorenzo DiTommaso compared Dune 's portrayal of the downfall of a galactic empire to Edward Gibbon 's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire , which argues that Christianity allied with the profligacy of the Roman elite led to the fall of Ancient Rome.
In "History and Historical Effect in Frank Herbert's Dune " , DiTommaso outlines similarities between the two works by highlighting the excesses of the Emperor on his home planet of Kaitain and of the Baron Harkonnen in his palace. The Emperor loses his effectiveness as a ruler through an excess of ceremony and pomp. The hairdressers and attendants he brings with him to Arrakis are even referred to as "parasites". The Baron Harkonnen is similarly corrupt, materially indulgent, and a sexual degenerate.
Gibbon's Decline and Fall partly blames the fall of Rome on the rise of Christianity. Gibbon claimed that this exotic import from a conquered province weakened the soldiers of Rome and left it open to attack. Similarly, the Emperor's Sardaukar fighters are little match for the Fremen of Dune because of the Sardaukar's overconfidence and the Fremen's capacity for self-sacrifice. The Fremen put the community before themselves in every instance, while the world outside wallows in luxury at the expense of others.
The decline and long peace of the Empire sets the stage for revolution and renewal by genetic mixing of successful and unsuccessful groups through war, a process culminating in the Jihad led by Paul Atreides, described by Frank Herbert as depicting "war as a collective orgasm" drawing on Norman Walter's The Sexual Cycle of Human Warfare ,   themes that would reappear in God Emperor of Dune 's Scattering and Leto II's all-female Fish Speaker army.
Due to the similarities between some of Herbert's terms and ideas and actual words and concepts in the Arabic language , as well as the series' " Islamic undertones " and themes, a Middle Eastern influence on Herbert's works has been noted repeatedly.
As a foreigner who adopts the ways of a desert-dwelling people and then leads them in a military capacity, Paul Atreides' character bears many similarities to the historical T. Lawrence ;  his biopic Lawrence of Arabia has also been identified as an influence. The novel also contains references to the petroleum industries in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf as well as Mexico.
Paul's approach to power consistently requires his upbringing under the female-oriented Bene Gesserit, who operate as a long-dominating shadow government behind all of the great houses and their marriages or divisions. A central theme of the book is the connection, in Jessica's son, of this female aspect with his male aspect.
In a Bene Gesserit test early in the book, it is implied that people are generally "inhuman" in that they irrationally place desire over self-interest and reason. This applies Herbert's philosophy that humans are not created equal, while equal justice and equal opportunity are higher ideals than mental, physical, or moral equality.
Throughout the novel, she struggles to maintain power in a male-dominated society, and manages to help her son at key moments in his realization of power. Throughout Paul's rise to superhuman status, he follows a plotline common to many stories describing the birth of a hero. He has unfortunate circumstances forced onto him. After a long period of hardship and exile, he confronts and defeats the source of evil in his tale.
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